API reference

msgpack.pack(o, stream, **kwargs)[source]

Pack object o and write it to stream

See Packer for options.

dump() is alias for pack()

msgpack.packb(o, **kwargs)[source]

Pack object o and return packed bytes

See Packer for options.

dumps() is alias for packb()

msgpack.unpack(stream, **kwargs)[source]

Unpack an object from stream.

Raises ExtraData when stream contains extra bytes. See Unpacker for options.

load() is alias for unpack()

msgpack.unpackb(packed, *, object_hook=None, list_hook=None, bool use_list=True, bool raw=False, int timestamp=0, bool strict_map_key=True, unicode_errors=None, object_pairs_hook=None, ext_hook=ExtType, Py_ssize_t max_str_len=-1, Py_ssize_t max_bin_len=-1, Py_ssize_t max_array_len=-1, Py_ssize_t max_map_len=-1, Py_ssize_t max_ext_len=-1)

Unpack packed_bytes to object. Returns an unpacked object.

Raises ExtraData when packed contains extra bytes. Raises ValueError when packed is incomplete. Raises FormatError when packed is not valid msgpack. Raises StackError when packed contains too nested. Other exceptions can be raised during unpacking.

See Unpacker for options.

max_xxx_len options are configured automatically from len(packed).

loads() is alias for unpackb()

class msgpack.Packer(default=None, *, bool use_single_float=False, bool autoreset=True, bool use_bin_type=True, bool strict_types=False, bool datetime=False, unicode_errors=None)

MessagePack Packer

usage:

packer = Packer()
astream.write(packer.pack(a))
astream.write(packer.pack(b))

Packer’s constructor has some keyword arguments:

Parameters:
  • default (callable) – Convert user type to builtin type that Packer supports. See also simplejson’s document.
  • use_single_float (bool) – Use single precision float type for float. (default: False)
  • autoreset (bool) – Reset buffer after each pack and return its content as bytes. (default: True). If set this to false, use bytes() to get content and .reset() to clear buffer.
  • use_bin_type (bool) – Use bin type introduced in msgpack spec 2.0 for bytes. It also enables str8 type for unicode. (default: True)
  • strict_types (bool) – If set to true, types will be checked to be exact. Derived classes from serializeable types will not be serialized and will be treated as unsupported type and forwarded to default. Additionally tuples will not be serialized as lists. This is useful when trying to implement accurate serialization for python types.
  • unicode_errors (str) – The error handler for encoding unicode. (default: ‘strict’) DO NOT USE THIS!! This option is kept for very specific usage.
bytes(self)

Return internal buffer contents as bytes object

getbuffer(self)

Return view of internal buffer.

pack(self, obj)
pack_array_header(self, long long size)
pack_ext_type(self, typecode, data)
pack_map_header(self, long long size)
pack_map_pairs(self, pairs)

Pack pairs as msgpack map type.

pairs should be a sequence of pairs. (len(pairs) and for k, v in pairs: should be supported.)

reset(self)

Reset internal buffer.

This method is useful only when autoreset=False.

class msgpack.Unpacker(file_like=None, Py_ssize_t read_size=0, *, bool use_list=True, bool raw=False, int timestamp=0, bool strict_map_key=True, object_hook=None, object_pairs_hook=None, list_hook=None, unicode_errors=None, Py_ssize_t max_buffer_size=104857600, ext_hook=ExtType, Py_ssize_t max_str_len=-1, Py_ssize_t max_bin_len=-1, Py_ssize_t max_array_len=-1, Py_ssize_t max_map_len=-1, Py_ssize_t max_ext_len=-1)

Streaming unpacker.

Arguments:

Parameters:
  • file_like – File-like object having .read(n) method. If specified, unpacker reads serialized data from it and feed() is not usable.
  • read_size (int) – Used as file_like.read(read_size). (default: min(1024**2, max_buffer_size))
  • use_list (bool) – If true, unpack msgpack array to Python list. Otherwise, unpack to Python tuple. (default: True)
  • raw (bool) – If true, unpack msgpack raw to Python bytes. Otherwise, unpack to Python str by decoding with UTF-8 encoding (default).
  • strict_map_key (bool) – If true (default), only str or bytes are accepted for map (dict) keys.
  • object_hook (callable) – When specified, it should be callable. Unpacker calls it with a dict argument after unpacking msgpack map. (See also simplejson)
  • object_pairs_hook (callable) – When specified, it should be callable. Unpacker calls it with a list of key-value pairs after unpacking msgpack map. (See also simplejson)
  • max_buffer_size (int) – Limits size of data waiting unpacked. 0 means system’s INT_MAX. The default value is 100*1024*1024 (100MiB). Raises BufferFull exception when it is insufficient. You should set this parameter when unpacking data from untrusted source.
  • max_str_len (int) – Deprecated, use max_buffer_size instead. Limits max length of str. (default: max_buffer_size)
  • max_bin_len (int) – Deprecated, use max_buffer_size instead. Limits max length of bin. (default: max_buffer_size)
  • max_array_len (int) – Limits max length of array. (default: max_buffer_size)
  • max_map_len (int) – Limits max length of map. (default: max_buffer_size//2)
  • max_ext_len (int) – Deprecated, use max_buffer_size instead. Limits max size of ext type. (default: max_buffer_size)
  • unicode_errors (str) – Error handler used for decoding str type. (default: ‘strict’)

Example of streaming deserialize from file-like object:

unpacker = Unpacker(file_like)
for o in unpacker:
    process(o)

Example of streaming deserialize from socket:

unpacker = Unpacker()
while True:
    buf = sock.recv(1024**2)
    if not buf:
        break
    unpacker.feed(buf)
    for o in unpacker:
        process(o)

Raises ExtraData when packed contains extra bytes. Raises OutOfData when packed is incomplete. Raises FormatError when packed is not valid msgpack. Raises StackError when packed contains too nested. Other exceptions can be raised during unpacking.

feed(self, next_bytes)

Append next_bytes to internal buffer.

read_array_header(self)

assuming the next object is an array, return its size n, such that the next n unpack() calls will iterate over its contents.

Raises OutOfData when there are no more bytes to unpack.

read_bytes(self, Py_ssize_t nbytes)

Read a specified number of raw bytes from the stream

read_map_header(self)

assuming the next object is a map, return its size n, such that the next n * 2 unpack() calls will iterate over its key-value pairs.

Raises OutOfData when there are no more bytes to unpack.

skip(self)

Read and ignore one object, returning None

Raises OutOfData when there are no more bytes to unpack.

tell(self)

Returns the current position of the Unpacker in bytes, i.e., the number of bytes that were read from the input, also the starting position of the next object.

unpack(self)

Unpack one object

Raises OutOfData when there are no more bytes to unpack.

class msgpack.ExtType[source]

ExtType represents ext type in msgpack.

class msgpack.Timestamp(seconds, nanoseconds=0)[source]

Timestamp represents the Timestamp extension type in msgpack.

When built with Cython, msgpack uses C methods to pack and unpack Timestamp. When using pure-Python msgpack, to_bytes() and from_bytes() are used to pack and unpack Timestamp.

This class is immutable: Do not override seconds and nanoseconds.

__init__(seconds, nanoseconds=0)[source]

Initialize a Timestamp object.

Parameters:
  • seconds (int) – Number of seconds since the UNIX epoch (00:00:00 UTC Jan 1 1970, minus leap seconds). May be negative.
  • nanoseconds (int) – Number of nanoseconds to add to seconds to get fractional time. Maximum is 999_999_999. Default is 0.

Note: Negative times (before the UNIX epoch) are represented as negative seconds + positive ns.

static from_bytes(b)[source]

Unpack bytes into a Timestamp object.

Used for pure-Python msgpack unpacking.

Parameters:b (bytes) – Payload from msgpack ext message with code -1
Returns:Timestamp object unpacked from msgpack ext payload
Return type:Timestamp
static from_datetime(dt)[source]

Create a Timestamp from datetime with tzinfo.

Python 2 is not supported.

Return type:Timestamp
static from_unix(unix_sec)[source]

Create a Timestamp from posix timestamp in seconds.

Parameters:unix_float (int or float.) – Posix timestamp in seconds.
static from_unix_nano(unix_ns)[source]

Create a Timestamp from posix timestamp in nanoseconds.

Parameters:unix_ns (int) – Posix timestamp in nanoseconds.
Return type:Timestamp
to_bytes()[source]

Pack this Timestamp object into bytes.

Used for pure-Python msgpack packing.

Returns data:Payload for EXT message with code -1 (timestamp type)
Return type:bytes
to_datetime()[source]

Get the timestamp as a UTC datetime.

Python 2 is not supported.

Return type:datetime.
to_unix()[source]

Get the timestamp as a floating-point value.

Returns:posix timestamp
Return type:float
to_unix_nano()[source]

Get the timestamp as a unixtime in nanoseconds.

Returns:posix timestamp in nanoseconds
Return type:int

exceptions

These exceptions are accessible via msgpack package. (For example, msgpack.OutOfData is shortcut for msgpack.exceptions.OutOfData)

exception msgpack.exceptions.BufferFull[source]

Bases: msgpack.exceptions.UnpackException

exception msgpack.exceptions.ExtraData(unpacked, extra)[source]

Bases: ValueError

ExtraData is raised when there is trailing data.

This exception is raised while only one-shot (not streaming) unpack.

exception msgpack.exceptions.FormatError[source]

Bases: ValueError, msgpack.exceptions.UnpackException

Invalid msgpack format

exception msgpack.exceptions.OutOfData[source]

Bases: msgpack.exceptions.UnpackException

exception msgpack.exceptions.StackError[source]

Bases: ValueError, msgpack.exceptions.UnpackException

Too nested

exception msgpack.exceptions.UnpackException[source]

Bases: Exception

Base class for some exceptions raised while unpacking.

NOTE: unpack may raise exception other than subclass of UnpackException. If you want to catch all error, catch Exception instead.